Understanding Astigmatism Treatment

Astigmatism is one of the most misunderstood eye conditions. Just like Myopia or far sightedness, Astigmatism too is a refractive error. What this means is that this is not an eye disease that you have, but a simple problem with your eyes due to a focus error. Astigmatism can cause problems with your vision since the light does not enter the eyes correctly thus resulting in distorted vision.
Astigmatism symptoms include distorted vision or blurry images. This can also result in eyestrain and headaches. Patients suffering from Astigmatism often squint.
Astigmatism is caused due to the irregular shape of the cornea which prevents the light rays from refracting correctly. There are mainly three types of Astigmatism. These include the following
�Myopic Astigmatism: In this condition one or both the principal meridians of the eyes are nearsighted.
�Hyperopic Astigmatism: In this condition one or both the principal meridians of the eyes are farsighted.
�Mixed Astigmatism: This condition is a combination of the above-mentioned two conditions.
Astigmatism is a condition that affects a person in their early life. It is most common in children between the age group of 5 to 17. In order to avoid your child from suffering with a severe eye condition it is essential to take them for regular eye checkups from time to time. A simple eye test can determine whether your child is suffering from Astigmatism.
There are a number of Astigmatism treatment options available these days. In order for your child to get the best treatment it is crucial to consult a good eye doctor who has experience in Astigmatism cases.
Since this condition is more common amongst children, the best way to treat it is by using eyeglasses. There are various kinds of eyeglasses designed specific to the type of Astigmatism your child is suffering from. While it is effective to treat Astigmatism, there is no cure to this condition. It is always advised to visit your eye doctor at regular intervals in order to ensure the condition does not worsen.
Once your child has grown up you can opt in for contact lenses. These lenses are a good option for working people and those who study in college. They are comfortable and easy to use. Unlike the old days, the lenses these days are comfortable and can be worn for the entire day.
Once the child reaches adulthood, they can choose to opt in for surgery. There are a number of surgery options available these days. One of the most common surgeries is the LASIK surgery. This surgery is performed under expert supervision and a patient can go home immediately after the surgery is performed. You need to discuss with your doctor the kind of options that can help treat this condition.
In order to keep this condition in control it is essential for you to visit your eye doctor from time to time. Regular visits not only ensure your eyes are healthy, but also help to identify conditions that could harm your eyes early enough for you to take action.

Wearing Your Contact Lenses

Before you touch your lenses, either to put them in or take them out, you should wash your hands using a mild soap, ideally fragrance and oil free. You should make sure you dry your hands thoroughly with a lint free towel to avoid any small debris getting it your eyes.

How to Put in and Take Out Your Contact Lenses

Wash your hands as advised above. Try to start with the same eye every time you insert or remove your lenses, this should minimise the risk of you putting the wrong lens in the wrong eye. Slide the lens of out the packet or case onto the palm of your hand using your finger. If you have been advised to rinse your lenses with solution by your eye doctor or eye clinic do this now, then place the lens on the tip of your index finger. While holding your lower lid down, with the same hand the lens is on, and using the other hand to hold up the upper lid, gently place the lens on the surface of your eye. Let go of your lids carefully and blink a few times.

When it comes to removing soft contacts, you should hold down your lower lid and look to the side or up, then carefully move the lens to the white part of your eye. Then use your thumb and index finger to pinch the lens and lift it off of the eye. If you wear gas permeable contact lenses you should remove them by opening your eyes wide and pull the skin which is near the corner of your eye nearest to your ear, then bend over the palm of your hand and take a blink, the lens should pop out and land in the palm of your hand.

Remember that your eye clinic should show you how to insert and remove contact lenses and let you practice before you leave the clinic.

How to Clean and Store Your Lenses

There are lots of ways you can clean your lenses. Remember to always follow the advice of your eye clinic or optician and never reuse daily disposable contacts. You can get a multipurpose solution which enables you to clean, rinse, disinfect, and store your lenses all with only one solution. You can also get separate solutions for cleaning and rinsing. Another option is with hydrogen peroxide solution, you leave your lenses in a basket which submerges them in the solution, but you should never use this solution to rinse your lenses in. You should also clean your lens case with a disinfectant solution every night and dry carefully and replace your case at least every 3 months.

Never use water to rinse or clean your contact lenses. Water contains many microbes which can cause serious infections to your eyes.

If you are thinking of starting to use contact lenses or are having a problem with your current ones you should always visit your eye clinic, eye doctor or optician to ask for advice. Never purchase contact lenses online if you have not seen a specialist first or used contact lenses before, misuse of lenses can lead to serious eye problems and infections.

Tips To Look After Your Eyes This Summer

1. Sunglasses:

It is commonly known that exposing our bodies to UV rays is very bad for our skin but we need to remember to protect our delicate eyes from the suns rays as well. Too much exposure to UV rays can result in pain and irritation to the cornea (clear window of the eye) and in extreme cases this can lead to age related macular degeneration, cancer of the cornea, cataracts or even blindness.

Sunglasses are a great way to protect your eyes from the suns UV rays. When buying sunglasses make sure they comply with BSEN 1836: 1997 or have the CE kite mark and are marked with UV 400. It is best to get sunglasses that are UVA and UVB 100% protected, if you are unsure always ask your eye clinic or optician. You can also get polarized sunglasses, not only do they protect your eyes from UV rays but they can help decrease glare which can strain your vision, they are very useful when you are by the pool on holiday or taking part in outdoor sports.

Do not forget, it is not just adults that need sunglasses, children should wear them too but the best protection is to stay in the shade on sunny days.

2. Sports:

Not only do you need to wear sunglasses if it is a sunny day but also eye wear to protect you from possible injury. Ophthalmologists advise eye protection should be worn when playing most ball sports. The bigger the ball the less likely for an eye injury to occur, for example footballs are less likely to injure your eyes than a golf ball. Good sporting shops should sell plastic shields or masks to protect you.

Also when swimming it is best not to wear contact lenses to prevent infections and damage to the eye and swimming goggles are a must if you are swimming underwater.

3. DIY/Gardening:

Summer months are a great time to do DIY projects around the house and spend time in the garden but these things can lead to eye injuries if proper precautions are not taken. You often see someone trimming the grass while children are playing nearby and all of them are at risk from flying stones, soil, twigs and even the grass itself. Make sure children are out of the way when doing such tasks and make sure you wear professional quality goggles.

Lacerations to the cornea are not uncommon when undertaking gardening and can lead to surgery. You should wear goggles when hammering nails, sawing or anything that can involve debris entering the eye.

If you do get hit in the eye with something first factor in your vision, then the pain. If you vision is not affected, it should be enough to apply an ice pack. If your vision is affected or you have a penetrating injury you must seek immediate attention from an eye doctor, eye clinic or A&E.

4. Chemicals:

If you get into a swimming pool and it stings your eyes it can mean the chemicals are not balanced correctly, this is unlikely to affect your vision and tends to be a comfort concern. If the water hurts your eyes it is always best to get out and rinse your eyes with clean water. If the pain continues you should seek medical attention, ideally with an eye doctor. You can soothe irritated eyes by using artificial tear drops.

The Importance Of Correct Retinitis Pigmentosa

The photoreceptor cells comprise of rods and cones and the symptoms of Retinitis pigmentosa depend on what kind of photoreceptor cells are involved. In most cases, the rods are affected first. Rods are present in the outer layer of the retina and this is where Retinitis pigmentosa usually begins. When this happens, individuals will find it tough to focus on objects in dim light. This disease slowly spreads out further and takes up the central vision of the eyes.

If you have a family history of Retinitis pigmentosa, then you should get your eyes checked from time to time. Night blindness is one of the most common symptoms in early Retinitis pigmentosa. However, if the cone has been disrupted then an individual will find it tough to identify colors.

Retinitis pigmentosa is a progressive disorder which can be identified at a young age. This condition is usually observed in adolescents and young adults.The degree of the intensity of this condition varies from person to person. However, most people suffering from Retinitis pigmentosa turn blind by the age of 40. It is more common for men to get affected from Retinitis pigmentosa in comparison to women.

Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disease which is passed on from one generation to another. It is ususally passed on from the parents, so if you or your partner suffers from Retinitis pigmentosa, you need to consult your doctor about the possibility of your child getting it.

There are a number of methods for successful Retinitis pigmentosa treatment in India. It is essential you consult a doctor who is experienced and well trained to handle this condition.

Since this is a genetic condition, you can take various precautions to prevent your child from getting it. You need to remember that Retinitis pigmentosa can be treated and controlled, but there is no way you can cure it. Proper care and timely checkups are crucial since they help control the loss of vision to a great extent. Studies prove that the right medication can help prevent parents from transferring this disease to their children.

Those suffering from Retinitis pigmentosa can consider undergoing surgical treatments in order to treat the condition. There are various kinds of surgical procedures available that help control the condition to a great extent. Since this condition usually affects a person in the early years of their lives, regular eye checkups can help to a great extent. Always consult a good eye doctor who can prescribe the correct eye medication to help improve the condition. These doctors can also guide Retinitis pigmentosa patients about the various surgical procedures that can help them.